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Justice in Society e2

Justice in Society e2

By Matthew Ball and Belinda Carpenter

Australia has always made claims to being a just and fair society so why, then, do certain groups of people continue to experience the worst forms of injustice in our society? By exploring the ways in which we think about justice, Justice in Society considers this, and other questions. The authors examine how the contributions of political philosophy and sociology have come to dominate discussion on issues ranging from asylum seeking to transphobic discrimination.

Civil Rights Constitutions Human Rights Justice 

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  • Full description

    In a society where politics has become increasingly polarised, interrogating our understanding of justice is critical. Australia has always made claims to being a just and fair society so why, then, do certain groups of people continue to experience the worst forms of injustice in our society? Why is it that our criminal justice system is host to the most disadvantaged and disenfranchised in our community? And why do these injustices continue, despite numerous attempts by researchers and activists to address them?

    By exploring the ways in which we think about justice, Justice in Society considers these questions. The authors examine how the contributions of political philosophy and sociology have come to dominate discussion on issues ranging from asylum seeking to transphobic discrimination. By considering the common assumptions about justice and injustice that underpin these discussions, the book seeks to engage, challenge, and offer new possibilities for achieving justice in society.

    Fully updated and expanded, the second edition features two new chapters looking at the lives of transgender people and disabled people. It continues its coverage of contemporary social issues such as homelessness, mental illness, and Indigenous policing. Each issue is placed in its historical, social, and cultural context, and linked to local, national, and global debates.

  • About the author

    Dr Matthew Ball is Associate Professor in the School of Justice in the Faculty of Law at the Queensland University of Technology. His research explores the intersections between sexuality, gender diversity, and criminal justice, and particularly the emerging area of queer criminology. He also teaches and researches on a range of issues covering the intersections of social and criminal justice.

    Dr Belinda Carpenter is Professor in the School of Justice and Assistant Dean of Research in the Faculty of Law at the Queensland University of Technology. She teaches, supervises, and researches at the intersection of social and criminal justice in areas as diverse as death investigation, sex crimes, and violent offending women.

  • Product details

    ISBN: 9781760021979

    Published: 2019

    Format: Softcover

  • Table of contents

    Preface to the Second Edition
    About the Authors
    Acknowledgments

    Introduction


    PART 1 – Thinking about Justice

    1. Justice and Injustice: Stories about Society

    • Introduction
    • Justice and Injustice are Easily Identifiable
    • All People, by Virtue of being Human, have an Inherent Moral Worth
    • Treating People with Equality is the Basis for a Just Society
    • Conclusion

    2. Space, Place, and Time: Stories about Ourselves

    •  Introduction
    • The Sociological Imagination: Moving from Personal Space to Social Space
    • Cultural Ethnography: Moving from Our Place to Other Places
    • A History of the Present: Moving from Our Time to Other Times
    • Conclusion


    3. Class, Race, and Sex: Stories about Difference

    • Introduction
    • Establishing Access to Success for All: Egalitarianism
    • If You Work Hard Enough, You Will Make It: Meritocracy, Hard Work, and Success
    • It’s Because They Just Aren’t Suited For It: Social Darwinism, Race, and Justice
    • It’s a Girl Thing: Biological Determinism, Sex, and Justice
    • Conclusion


    PART 2 – Justice and the Self

    4. Poverty, Power, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Poverty in Australia
    • Poverty as the Result of a Moral Failing
    • Poverty as the Result of Life Chances and Structural Inequality
    • Culture, Power, and the Shaping of Freedom
    • Conclusion


    5. Women, Difference, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Women, Injustice, and Patriarchy
    • Equality will be Achieved through the Same Treatment of Women
    • Equality Should Recognise and Reward the Differences Between Men and Women
    • Essentialism, Universalisation, and Normalisation
    • Conclusion


    6. Transgender People, Binaries, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Transgender People and Injustice
    • Bodies, Essentialism, and Transgender People
    • Gender, Cisgender Socialisation, and Transgender People
    • Challenging the Binary and Reconsidering ‘Trans’
    • Conclusion


    7. Indigenous Australians, Othering, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Indigenous Australians and Injustice
    • Indigenous Injustice as an Individual Problem
    • Indigenous Injustice as a Product of Social Institutions
    • The Creation of the ‘Other’
    • Conclusion


    8. Sexuality, Normalisation, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Sexuality and Injustice
    • Sexuality as Natural
    • Sexuality is Social
    • ‘Sexuality’ as an Historical and Cultural Category
    • Conclusion


    9. Disabilities, Diverse Embodiment, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Disability and Injustice
    • Impairment, Treatment, and People with Disabilities
    • Disablement, Ableism, and Disabled People
    • Dis/Ability, Modernist Subjectivity, and the Government of Difference
    • Conclusion


    10. Young People, Responsibility, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Young People and Injustice
    • Young People are in Need of Protection, and are Not Responsible
    • Anti-Social Behaviour is Normal in Young People
    • The Historical Construction of Childhood
    • Conclusion


    PART 3 – Responding to Injustice

    11. Criminal Law, Equality, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Equality Before the Law
    • Inequality of the Law
    • Law, Equality, and Risk
    • Conclusion


    12. Punishment, Treatment, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Punishment and the Rational Offender
    • Responding to the Social Context of Offending
    • Punishment, Power, and Government
    • Conclusion


    13. Human Rights, Citizenship, and Justice

    • Introduction
    • Citizenship is an Inclusive Status that Protects Human Rights
    • Citizenship is an Exclusive Status that Fails to Protect Human Rights Equally
    • Political Belonging Beyond the Nation-State
    • Conclusion


    Conclusion
    References
    Index


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